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ভৌগলিক পরিচিতি

  1. nvwZqv Dc‡Rjvi cUfywg t-AvqZb I Rb msL¨vi w`K †_‡K nvwZqv Dc‡Rjv †bvqvLvjx †Rjvi GKwU e„nËg Dc‡Rjv| Rvbv hvq nvwZqvi cÖvPxb Øxc wQj mvMi Øxc| cÖvK…wZK †mŠ›`h© cwicyY©  G ØxcwU mywekvj Rjivwk †f` K‡i µgvš^‡q De©i I cÖvq mgZj G Øxc  m„wói A‡gvl  in‡m¨i  Av‡jv‡q M‡o D‡V|  150 L„óv‡ã cÖL¨vZ MªxK †R¨vwZwe` U‡jwgi weeiY (3000 eQ‡ii †bvqvLvjx ) Ges Wt Ave`yj Kwig weiwPZ evsjvi BwZnvm MÖ‡š’i eivZ m~‡Î RyMxw`qv †mvbvw`qv, UªwMw`qv, †MvqvKzjv, evgbx, †ZiKvwUqv m›Øxc, nvwZqv, fyj~qv cÖf„wZ Øx‡ci K_v D‡jøL Av‡Q| Øxc¸‡jv ZLbI  RbemwZcyY© wQj| G A_© n‡”Q 150 L„óv‡ãI nvwZqv GKwU mg„× Rbc_ wnmv‡e cwiwPZ wQj| G †_‡K Abygvb Kiv nq nvwZqvi  eZ©gvb eqm 3000 eQi|  G we wQwÏK k¦vmZ m›Ø^xc MÖ‡š’ I nvwZqvi eqm 3000 eQi D‡jøL Kiv n‡q‡Q| (1666-1765L„t) †gvNj Avg‡j cÖkvmb KZ…©K wb‡qvwRZ †dŠR`vi bvgK GKRb Kg©KZ©v nvwZqvi (m›Øxc) ci‡Mvbvi cÖkvmwbK cÖavb wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Zb| †dŠR`vix I Zvi Awa‡¶Î GjvKvi AvBb k„sLjv i¶v  Ges †`Iqvbx I †dŠR`vix wePvi e¨e¯’v cÖavb wn‡m‡e `vwqZ¡ cvjb Ki‡Zb| Kvbyb‡Mv c` gh©v`vi I`v`vi bvgK GKRb Kg©KZ©v ivR¯^ msµvšÍ we‡iva wb®úwË Ki‡Zb| 1765 L„óvã e„wUk miKvi †dŠR`vi c` wejyß K‡i Ges nvwZqv‡K †PŠwK gh©v`vq DbœxZ K‡i GKRb `v‡ivMvi Dci nvwZqvi wePvi I cÖkvmwbK `vwqZ¡ Ac©b K‡i| wKš‘ wewfbœ  Kvi‡Y `v‡ivMv‡`i Kvh©µ‡g RwUjZv I Am‡šÍvl †`Lv w`‡j miKvi cybivq  cÖkvmwbK ¶gZv I c` cyb©web¨v‡mi gva¨‡g bv‡qe-Iqv`v`v‡`i Dci cÖkvmwbK I wePvi Kvh© m¤úwK©Z  wel‡qi g~j `vwqZ¡ Ac©b K‡ib|  1889 L„t †dŠR`vix Kvh©wewa cÖPwjZ nIqvi c~e© ch©šÍ Giƒc weavb cÖPwjZ wQj| 1770 L„óvã ch©šÍ nvwZqv XvKvi cÖ‡`wkK cwil` Z_v XvKv wefv‡Mi  AvIZvaxb PUªMÖvg †Rjvi Aax‡b mš^xc ci‡Mvbvi AšÍf~©„³ wQj| 1781 L„óvã nvwZqv‡K PÆMÖvg Kv‡j±Ui AvIZvf~³ Kiv nq| 1772-1782 L„óvã ch©šÍ nvwZqvi kvmb I wePvi e¨e¯’v †`Iqvbx I †dŠR`vix `yB c×wZ‡Z cwiPvwjZ n‡Zv | 1821 L„óvã ch©šÍ nvwZqv  PUªMÖvg †Rjvi †_‡K hvq| 1821 L„óvã ‡gNbv b`x cwðgvsk kvnevRcyyi (eZ©gv‡b †fvjv) Ges eZ©gv‡b e„nËi †bvqvLvjx GjvKv mg~n‡K wb‡q f~j~qv bv‡g c„_K  GKwU †Rjvi m„wó Kiv nq| nvwZqv ZLb fyjyqv Z_v †bvqvLvjx †Rjvi Aax‡b wQj| 1868 L„óvã fyjyqv †Rjvi bvg cwieZ©b K‡i †bvqvLvjx ivLv nq| 1877 L„óvã mv‡j †bvqvLvjx †Rjvq †Rjv RR c‡`i m„wó Kiv n‡j †Rjv R‡Ri Aaxf~³ nvwZqvi †`Iqvbx wePvi mg~n †bvqvLvjx‡Z wb®úwË Kivi cÖwµqv AvbyôvwbK fv‡e ïiæ nq| Gici 1883 L„óvã mv‡j mve-‡WcywU Kv‡j±i Gi gh©v`v I Z…Zxq †kªYxi g¨vwR‡óª‡Ui ¶gZv m¤úbœ GKRb g¨vwR‡óªU‡K cÖkvmwbK cÖavb K‡i nvwZqvi kvmb e¨e¯’v cwiPvjbv Kivi Rb¨ wbhy³ Kiv n‡jI 1905 L„óvã mv‡ji c~‡e© Zv cyY©vsM fv‡e Pvj~ Kiv nqwb| wZwb GKvav‡i †`Iqvbx I †dŠR`vix gvgjvi wePvi m¤úv`b Ki‡Zb| 1914 L„óvã mv‡j nvwZqvq me©cÖ_g mv‡K©j cÖ_vi cÖeZ©b Kiv nq| G mgq nvwZqv‡K we‡kl gh©v`v m¤úbœ _vbv wn‡m‡e ¯^xK…wZ †`Iqv nq| 1928 L„óvã mv‡j wØZxq †kªYxi g¨vwR‡óªU, 1938 L„óvã n‡Z GKRb cÖ_g †kªYxi g¨vwR‡óªU‡K nvwZqvi cÖkvmwbK cÖavb wn‡m‡e wbhyw³i †iIqvR Pvjy nq| 1938 L„óvã n‡Z Dc‡Rjv cwil` MV‡bi c~e© ch©šÍ G Ae¯’v envj wQj| evsjv‡`k ¯^vaxb nIqvi ci 1982 L„óvã ch©šÍ †dŠR`vix wePvi, Dc‡Rjv cÖkvmb Ges miKv‡ii kvmb Kvh© GKRb cÖ_g †kªYxi g¨vwR‡óªU cwiPvjbv Ki‡Zb|  1982 L„óvã mv‡j Dc‡Rjv wbe©vnx Awdmvi bvgK c‡` GKRb cÖ_g †kªYxi g¨vwR‡óªU Gi ¶gZv m¤úbœ Kg©KZ©v‡K cÖkvmwbK cÖavb wn‡m‡e wbhy³ K‡i c~e©Zb _vbv cÖkvmb e¨e¯’vi Avg~j cwieZ©b Avbv nq| Dc‡Rjv cwil` MV‡bi ci Dc‡Rjv †Pqvig¨vb Dc‡Rjvi mvwe©K KZ…©‡Z¡i Ges wbe©vnx Awdmvi wbe©vnx ¶gZvi AwaKvix nb|
  2. bvgKiY t-  nvwZqvi bvgKiY m¤ú‡K© GKvwaK cÖev` cÖPwjZ i‡q‡Q| cÖev`¸‡jv †hgb gRvi †Zgb AvKl©Yxq| BwZnvm I ev¯ÍeZvi mg„× Dc¨vLvb¸‡jv mswkøó cÖe³Kiv MÖnY‡hvM¨ Kivi cÖqv‡m hyw³hy³ e¨vL¨vI mshy³ K‡i‡Qb| nvwZqvi bvgKiY cÖev‡`i `ywU cÖavb aviv j¶Yxq| Zb¥‡a¨ GKwU nvwZqv Ab¨wU nvwZ cÖev` bv‡g L¨vZ| wewkó wk¶vwe`  nv‡dR gvIjvbv G †K †gvgvRv` Avng` Zvi Avgvi †`Lv nvwZqv cÖe‡Ü D‡jøL K‡ib- B÷ BwÛqv †Kv¤úvbxi kvm‡bi mgq GK Bs‡iR Av‡jvP¨ Øx‡c D‡V G GjvKvi bvg wK wRÁvmv K‡ib| Rev‡e GjvKvi †jvKRb e‡j nvwUqv| Gici †_‡K Bs‡iR Øviv nvwUqv bvgRvix n‡q †Mj| hv cieZ©x‡Z evsjv D”Pvi‡Yi myweav‡_© n‡q †Mj nvwZqv| †gŠjfx Rvgvj DwÏb e‡j divmxiv evwYR¨ Ki‡Z fviZxq Dcgnv‡`‡k Av‡mb| Zviv b`xc‡_ G AÂj w`‡q hvZvqvZ KiZ| nvwZqv ZLb gvÎ `ywU Øxc| mvMiw` I wbj¶x| `~i †_‡K Zv †`L‡Z Z‡jvqvi ev nvwZqvi Gi g‡Zv g‡b n‡Zv|  G nvwZqvi ev Z‡jvqvi †_‡K nvwZqv bv‡gi DrcwË| GW‡fv‡KU kwid †gvt byiæj Bmjvg e‡jb- m›Øx‡ci w`jvj ivRvi GKwU nvwZ wQj| nvwZwU nvwZqv f~-L‡Ûi cv‡k GKwU K`©gv³ Lv‡j AvUKv c‡o gviv hvq| cieZ©x‡Z G f~-L‡Ûi bvg nq- ÒnvwZÓ-cv -Av †_‡K nvwZqvÓ| Øx‡ci weL¨vZ Kwe Ave`yi iwk` Zvi wcZvi wjwLZ cyuw_i Av‡jv‡K e‡jb- GK`v G A‡j eo ai‡Yi R‡jv”Qv‡m †Kv_v †_‡K GKwU nvwZ †f‡m Av‡m Ges Øx‡ci Lv‡j AvUKv c‡o g„Zz¨ N‡U weavq G Øx‡ci bvg nq nvwZqv| Øx‡ci wewkó eyw×Rxwe Øx‡ci bvgKiY m¤ú‡K© e‡jb- GK`v G Øx‡c Rj`my¨‡`i †`ŠivZ¡ I AZ¨vPvi wQj| Rj`my¨‡`i AZ¨vPv‡ii Lei ZrKvjxb evsjvi kvmK †kikvn& Gi wbKU †cŠuQ‡j wZwb `my¨‡`i `g‡bi Rb¨ nvwZqvj Lv bvgK †mbvcwZi †bZ…‡Z¡ GK`b ˆmb¨ †cÖiY K‡ib Ges AZ¨šÍ mybv‡gi mwnZ `my¨‡`i `gb K‡i Rbg‡b ¯^w¯Í wdwi‡q Av‡bb| H †mbvcwZi bvgvbymv‡i G Øx‡ci bvgKiY Kiv nq ÒnvwZqvj ØxcÓ| Kvjµ‡g nvwZqvj †_‡K ÔjÕ D‡V wM‡q Gi bvg nq nvwZqv Øxc| Dc‡iv³ nvwZqv Øx‡ci bvgKiY BwZnvm Av‡jvPbv Kv‡j Zzgyj weZ‡K©i m„wó n‡q‡Q| Z‡e GKwU welq j¶¨ Kiv hvq, nvwZqv Øx‡ci bvgKi‡Y nvwZ bvgwU A‡bK Av‡jvPbvq G‡m‡Q| ZvB Øx‡ci bvgKiY m¤úwK©Z Dc‡iv³ Kvwnbx  I Z_¨ KZUzKz mZ¨ Ges BwZnvm wbf©i Zv HwZnvwmK‡Ki Abym×vb I mwVK M‡elYvi welq|

 

  1. ‡fŠMwjK Ae¯’vb t-22 "30© Ges 22"  60© A¶‡iLvt 91"  00© Ges 91"  20© DËi wbi¶‡iLv Gi g‡a¨ Aew¯’Z|       

 

  1. mxgvbv t-Dˇi myeY©Pi Dc‡Rjv, `w¶‡Y e‡½vcmvMi,  c~‡e© m›Øxc Ges cwð‡g †fvjv †Rjvi gbcyiv Dc‡Rjv|

 

  1. D‡jL‡hvM¨ ¯’vb ev ¯’vcbvt- wbSzgØxc, KvwRi evRvi, nvwZqv Øxc miKvix K‡jR, Dc‡Rjv †K›`ªxq knx` wgbvi I Øxc Dbœqb ms¯’v feb|

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